Menstruation 101 January 27 2015, 0 Comments
Menstruation, in very simple words, is your body’s way of emitting unwanted blood and mucosal tissues from uterus. It is a periodical cycle and is an onset of womanhood. Every month one of the ovary in a female body releases an egg for the purpose of fertilization. It moves towards uterus via fallopian tube. Uterus develops a thin lining, called endometrium and this lining is made up of tissues and blood vessels. This is a way of preparing a woman’s body for pregnancy. When the matured egg stays unfertilized, endometrium is shed and through vagina the lining bleeds out. This is also known as period. The bleeding starts after 14 days of ovulation. Women may bleed anywhere for 2 to 7 days. They generally experience heavy bleeding for the first two days. The menstrual cycle may vary from person to person and is usually 25-35 days long. Environmental factors can also affect the cycle and it is completely normal to have slight difference. The changes can occur throughout lifetime.
What is in the Name?
The word menstruation has a Latin origin and is derived from the word “Menses” meaning months. The cycle has a monthly course and having it on a regular basis is not only the sign of reproductive event but it indicates towards the good health of a woman. Do not be worried if in the initial stage your body takes some time in setting an accurate monthly course and have irregular periods.
From The Beginning to the End
Mostly girls start menstruating when they become teenagers and reach menopause or stop having their periods anywhere in between the age of 45 to 55. Some reports show that a girl can reach her puberty early if she has been overweight as a toddler. Also if a woman is on some particular medicines then she can reach her menopause as early as 40.
What to Expect?
Cramping, during menstruation is very common. Uterus contracts during the process as the lining separates from the body to take the exit route. But the difference is that some women go through pain and for some it is a painless experience, just like any other normal day. Women may have cramps before or during the periods and as they keep getting older, the cramps keep getting milder. Exercising, having hot water bath, resting, eating prescribed pain killers and having orgasm can help in relieving the pain. If the pains get worst then visiting a doctor is the appropriate action.
For some girls it is an ecstatic moment as their body have given them the green signal to reproduce and some girls stay scared as they have no idea what is in store for them. It is okay to be anxious but one also needs to understand that it is a biological process that is a must for every woman’s body. Read articles, talk to your family and friends and be prepared to start this new phase of your life confidently and comfortably.